About Akwa Ibom State: Geography & Location
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Wedged between Cross River, Abia, and Rivers on the sandy coastal plain of the Gulf of Guinea, Akwa Ibom State is bordered on the south by the Atlantic Ocean which stretches for 129 Km from Ikot Abasi to Oron.


Oill Palm Belt tropical Tain Forest Swamp Beach


The physical relief of the State is basically flat. There are in some areas, valleys, creeks and swamps due to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean, the Qua Iboe and the Cross Rivers which traverse the length and breadth of the State. The State has basically two distinct seasons: The rainy season lasts from May to October, while the duration of the dry season is November to April. However, in the coastal areas, rain falls almost all year round. The harmattan, accompanied by the North-East Wind occurs in December and early January.


The landscape of Akwa Ibom is mostly flat. This is because the underlying geology of the state is predominantly coastal plain sediments. The coastal nature of the state makes it the natural deposit of mosaic of marine, deltaic, estuarine, lagoonal and fluvio- lacustrine material.

Around Itu and Ibiono Ibom Local Area Councils, the topography of the land is undulating with some areas as high as 200 feet above sea level, while there are in some areas valleys, marshes, ravines and swamps due to influence of the Atlantic Ocean, Qua Ibo, Imo and the Cross Rivers. On the basis of terrain and landform types, the State has five major physiographic regions as indicated below.


The climate of the state allows for favourable cultivation and extraction of agricultural and forest products such as palm produce, rubber, cocoa, rice, cassava, yam, plantain, banana, maize, and timber.

There are basically two types of agriculture in Akwa lbom. The first is the small-scale peasant farming usually practised on family basis, and which produces food crops such as cassava, maize, rice, yam and cocoyam for family consumption with the surplus sold in the local markets. The second type of farming is the estate farming which specialises in growing cash crops such as rubber, cocoa, rice and oil palm.





The location of Akwa Ibom just north of the Equator and within the humid tropics and its proximity to the sea makes the state generally humid. On the basis of its geographical location the climate of Akwa Ibom State can be described as a tropical rainy type which experiences abundant rainfall with very high temperature. The mean annual temperature of the state lies between 26°C and 29°C and acerage sunshine cumulates to 1,450 hours per year, while mean annual rainfall ranges from 2.000mm to 3.000 mm, depending on the area. Naturally, maximum humidity is recorded in July while the minimum occurs in January. Thick cloud cumulonimbus type is commonly experienced in the months of March to November. Evaporation is high with annual values that range from 1500 mm to 1800 mm.

As with every Nigerian coastal area, the state experiences two main seasons, the wet and the dry seasons. The wet or rainy season lasts between eight to nine months starting from mid- march till the end of November. The dry season has a short duration of between the last week of November or early December and lasts till early march.

Despite the seasonal variations, by the nature and location of the state along the coast which exposes it to hot maritime air mass, rainfall is expected every month of the year.

Akwa Ibom's 6,900 sq Km land area is located  between Cross River, Abia, and Rivers on the sandy coastal plain of the Gulf of Guinea. It is bordered on the south by the Atlantic Ocean which stretches from Ikot Abasi to Oron. A sprawling volume of water seemingly kissing the skyline from flank to flank.

Akwa Ibom State lies between latitude 40 32’ and 5 0 53’ North; and Longitudes 70 25’ and 80 25’ East. In terms of structural make up, Akwa Ibom is triangular in shape and covers a total land area of 8,412 km2, encompassing the Qua Iboe River Basin, the western part of the lower Cross River Basin and the Eastern part of the Imo River Basin. With an ocean front which spans a distance of 129 kilometers from Ikot Abasi in the west to Oron in the east, Akwa Ibom presents a picture of captivating coastal, mangrove forest and beautiful sandy beach resorts.

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